It is known as waterlogging the act and the result
of waterlogging or waterlogging. This verb, on the
other hand, refers to filling, covering or filling with water. A flood,
therefore, is a flood.
the concept of waterlogging is usually used with reference to what happens when a
body of water floods a place and prevents or makes it difficult to access it. Let
us suppose that in a town it rains intensely for three consecutive days. These
precipitations cause a river that runs through the town to overflow, generating
flooding. The situation leads people to temporarily abandon their homes because
water covers the streets and enters houses, putting all the inhabitants of the town at
Flooding can also affect a road: a street, an avenue, a
road or route, etc. A dirt road, in the framework of a storm,
can be flooded and prevent the movement of vehicles.
Not all cities are prepared to face such a phenomenon, either due to the lack
of responsibility on the part of local governments or due to changes in the climate over
the decades. Flooding and flooding in urban areas can cause large losses of
money, as well as in the countryside, and for this reason it is important to
have drainage systems capable of clearing roads in the most efficient way
Although in colloquial language the notions of waterlogging and flooding are
used synonymously, geology distinguishes between the two ideas. Waterlogging
occurs when a land fails to drain water and retains it. A
flood, on the other hand, is due to an existing watercourse that
overflows. Waterlogging, on the other hand, can also be caused by a rise
in groundwater (that is, by an increase in the water table).
The top of an aquifer, that is to say, of a conduit or a
layer in which a body of groundwater is housed, is always known under the name
of groundwater level, always below the earth's surface. A
precise example is the water table, a shallow accumulation
(other aquifers can be found much further from ground level).
In a field, waterlogging causes different damage to the
soil. Among the most common consequences is the development of salinization and
the lack of oxygen for plant roots.
Salinization, on the other hand, is a process that can also take place as a
consequence of human action, as occurs with some irrigation systems, and
consists of the accumulation of water soluble salts in
the soil. It can also occur after a flood from stream or river water, if the
ground is flat and low-lying. In this context, we talk about saline soil to
refer to said excess soluble salts, or saline-sodium soil,
since sodium chloride is the predominant salt in most cases.
It is worth mentioning that this process has very negative consequences for
the agriculture-based economy, such as the loss of soil fertility,
one of the greatest nightmares of those who live on the land. While there are
ways to stop and reverse salinization, these are very costly procedures, such as
washes that leach out salts (leaching consists of dissolving soluble
components through the use of a liquid solvent).
Another measure to combat salinization caused by waterlogging is the sudden
change in the species that are grown, starting to plant some that support