Anhedonia, a notion that comes from the French word anhédonie,
is a term used in the field of psychology to refer to the lack
of ability to experience pleasure. Anhedonia, in this way, is
associated with the lack of satisfaction in the activities that
are carried out.
We have to establish that anhedonia is a neologism that was coined in the
last bars of the 19th century, specifically in the year 1896, by the French
psychologist Théodule A. Ribot. More exactly he used it for the first time in
his work entitled "Psychology of feelings."
That shaped it using certain components of the Greek such as:
-The prefix "an-", which can be used to indicate negation.
-The noun "hedoné", which can be translated as "pleasure".
-The suffix "-ia", which is used to establish a quality.
anhedonia can be said to be a classic symptom of depression:
a person no longer finds positive elements in actions that are generally
pleasurable. Beyond depression, anhedonia also appears in schizoid
personality disorder and in certain types of dementia.
There are several causes that can cause anhedonia in a person. These include
from depression to drugs, schizophrenia or even the fact that the brain
interrupts the production of dopamine, which is responsible for the human being
to have pleasant sensations.
In order to diagnose anhedonia, it must be established that there is what has
been called Chapman's scales. There are two types of questionnaires that come to
diagnose this disorder and even the degree of it or the causes that may be
We can determine that these scales are based on questions related to the
individual's abilities to have satisfaction at a social level, the possibility
of suffering from schizophrenia or depression...
It should also be noted that there is no single treatment for
anhedonia. Specifically, based on the causes that have originated it, the
psychologist will proceed to determine one or the other.
Experts often distinguish between two phases of anhedonia. That linked to
dissatisfaction with the result of an action (that is, to the
enjoyment it brings) is called the consummated anhedonia. The motivational
anhedonia, meanwhile, is associated with lack of motivation to develop
the action in question.
It is also possible to differentiate between physical anhedonia and social
anhedonia. Physical anhedonia arises from the lack of pleasure in the
face of typical physical stimuli: the individual does not enjoy sexual relations
or food, for example. Social anhedonia, on the other hand, is related to the
absence of enjoyment in ties with other people, as in a
Anhedonia, in short, is due to a lack of reaction or response of
the subject to positive stimuli. The human being blocks
the normal reception of these stimuli and, in this way, does not manage to feel
the pleasure that they should provide him and that, even, previously he